Archive




Volume 6, Issue 5-1, October 2017, Page: 73-82
Adaptive Sustainable Management of Forests in Borjomi
Nino Sulkhanishvili, Faculty of Geography, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Received: Jul. 4, 2017;       Accepted: Jul. 5, 2017;       Published: Aug. 9, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2017060501.21      View  1940      Downloads  128
Abstract
The study of Borjomi forest is based on number of topics/issues including Landscape-Ecological Carcass (LEC) of Borjomi Municipaliy for Planning the Forest Use, which was developed by Prof. Nikoloz Beruchashvili. The study also includes social recerch that allows complex analyzing and evaluating the following issues: Forestry problems (general, their explanation/recommendation for solving these problems); Problems in agriculture (general, their explanation/recommendation for solving these problems); Exploitation of forest resources (fuelwood/timber); Logging for own consumption/for selling locally/for exporting (fuelwood/timber); Tentative price of logging (fuelwood/timber); Tentative price of transportation (fuelwood/timber); Tentative price of selling the wood locally/for export (fuelwood/timber); Tentative volume of/timber consumption; Use of fuelwood for heating/cooking; Problems regarding grazing (is present area for grazing sufficient for existed cattle); Recommendations for improving the condition of forest resources/legal Issues/management issues.
Keywords
Borjomi Forests, Landscape-Ecological Carcass (LEC), Sustainable Forest Management
To cite this article
Nino Sulkhanishvili, Adaptive Sustainable Management of Forests in Borjomi, Earth Sciences. Special Issue: New Challenge for Geography: Landscape Dimensions of Sustainable Development. Vol. 6, No. 5-1, 2017, pp. 73-82. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2017060501.21
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Tanya Baycheva, Hubert Inhaizer, Markus Lier, Kit Prins, Bernhard Wolfslehner, Implementing Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management in Europe. European Forest Institute. 2013.
[2]
IUCN. Forest Dependency in Rural Georgia. Tbilisi, October 2014.
[3]
The forest sector in the center of green economy. 7th Ministerial conference materials, Madrid 2015.
[4]
N. Ketskhoveli. The map of the restored vegetation covers of Georgia. Printing House of Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences, Tbilisi, 1959b. scale 1: 600,000 (In Georgian).
[5]
UPDATED PAN-EUROPEAN INDICATORS FOR SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT. 7th Ministerial conference materials, Madrid 2015.
[6]
Georgian National Forest Concept (in Georgian). Parliament of Georgia, Kutaisi 2013.
[7]
Forest Management in Georgia. Green Alternative, Tbilisi. 2012.
[8]
Forest Policy Service Report. The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resource Protection. Tbilisi 2015.
[9]
N. L. Beruchashvili, The landscape map of Georgia. Tbilisi: Tbilisi State University, 1983. scale 1: 500,000 (In Russian).
[10]
M. Alpenidze, N. Beruchashvili, M. Gongadze, E. Davitaia, R. Maghlakelidze, N. Nadareishvili, M. Shengelaia, K. Kharadze, Geography of Georgia. Tbilisi: Kabadoni, 1999, 330 p. (In Georgian).
[11]
N. Elizbarashvili, L. Machavariani, D. Nikolaishvili, et al. Geography of Georgia. Tbilisi: TSU, 2000. 336 p. (In Georgian).
[12]
L. Maruashvili, Physical geography of Georgia. Parts I-II. Tbilisi: Tsodna, 1975-1986. (In Georgian).
[13]
Geography of Georgia. 2000 (In Georgian). 2000. 316 p. ed. Z. Tatashidze. Tbilisi: Metsniereba (In Georgian).
[14]
D. Ukleba, Physical-geographical characteristics of the mountainous regions of eastern Georgia. Tbilisi: Metsniereba, 1974. 196 p. (In Georgian).
[15]
D. Nikolaishvili, L. Matchavariani, R. Maisuradze, A landscape changes of Georgia: Estimation of an integrated parameter. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 1, No. 2, June 2010. pp. 214-218.
[16]
N. L. Beruchashvili, Diversity of Georgia’s Landscapes and Geographical Analysis of Landscapes Diversity of the World. Proceedings of the First National Conference: Biological and Landscape Diversity of Georgia. Tbilisi; 2000, pp. 221-250.
[17]
D. Nikolaihvili. Area over the Territory of Georgia from the early stage of the human society till modern days. Siberian Journal of Ecology. Novosibirsk, Russia, 2008. № 2, v. 15, pp. 225-228. (In Russian).
[18]
D. Nikolaishvili, Human being and natural environment of Georgia from ancient times to the present day. Journal "Geography of Georgia". Tbilisi: TSU. 2, 2003. p. 20-30.2003. (In Georgian).
[19]
D. A. Nikolaishvili, Phytomass stocks of Georgia - past and present. "Caucasus Geographical Journal", Tbilisi: GSG. No. 1. 2002, pp. 62-68. (In Russian).
[20]
N. L. Beruchashvili, Caucasus: Landscapes, models, experiments. Tbilisi, UNEP, GRID, 1995. – 310 p. (In Russian).
Browse journals by subject