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Volume 6, Issue 5-1, October 2017, Page: 49-55
Soviet Toponymy: The History and the Present
Davit Sartania, Department of Geography, Faculty of Exact and Natural sciences, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Dali Nikolaishvili, Museum of TSU, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Avtandil Ujmajuridze, Shota Rustaveli Institute of Gerogian Literature, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Received: Jun. 16, 2017;       Accepted: Jun. 19, 2017;       Published: Jul. 17, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2017060501.17      View  2415      Downloads  174
Abstract
The article identifies the scales of the Soviet toponymy (macro-toponyms and toponyms as such) in Georgia and some geographical peculiarities of their territorial distribution. The study was undertaken in several stages: (1) identification and analysis of the general list of Soviet toponyms (according to the geographical background, naming circumstances and date of origination), (2) identification of the scales of Sovietization for different Regions of the country and territorial peculiarities, (3) development of the classification of Soviet toponyms, and (4) mapping the Soviet toponyms. A number of sources were used to achieve these goals, including territorial-administrative organization, general population census, cartographic sources, toponymic studies, etc. The study revealed that the process of “Sovietization” of the toponyms developed in several directions: by giving the names of memorial names to administrative units and settlements (regions, cities, settlements and villages); by giving the ideological Soviet names to the geographical objects; by partially changing the toponyms (by translating or adding epithets); by forming new objects of the Soviet revival and naming them.
Keywords
Soviet Toponyms, Sovetization, Georgia
To cite this article
Davit Sartania, Dali Nikolaishvili, Avtandil Ujmajuridze, Soviet Toponymy: The History and the Present, Earth Sciences. Special Issue: New Challenge for Geography: Landscape Dimensions of Sustainable Development. Vol. 6, No. 5-1, 2017, pp. 49-55. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2017060501.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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