Volume 4, Issue 5-1, September 2015, Page: 46-53
Modern Conceptual and Technological Approaches to the Georgia Black Sea Coastline Protection
Nodar Tsivtsivadze, Dept. of Hydro-Meteorology, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Lia Matchavariani, Dept. of Soil Geography, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Lamzira Lagidze, Dept. of Nature Use Management, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Nargiz Motsonelidze, Dept. of Hydro-Meteorology, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
George Ivanov, Dept. of Hydro-Meteorology, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Nino Paichadze, Dept. of Regional Geography, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Received: Jun. 2, 2015;       Accepted: Jun. 4, 2015;       Published: Jul. 7, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2015040501.19      View  2634      Downloads  50
Abstract
Economic Economic development of the world's maritime nations, including Georgia, is directly related to the coastal environment and the ongoing natural or anthropogenic processes which determined its sustainability and exploitation opportunities. In the coastal zone are located the urbanized areas, agricultural lands, motorways and recreational complexes. Georgia's Black Sea resorts continue to attract tourists to the resort areas of the coast that required the expansion, restoration of eroded beaches and the development of appropriate infrastructure at international standards. Unfortunately, the prevalence of the parochial bureaucratic interests over environmental issues and ignorance of negative coastal process development, inefficiency of implemented coast protection measures and limited funding for carrying out necessary works, caused Georgian shoreline erosion. In this regard, coast may not be discussed as isolated body because it is part of one natural system and changes caused by natural phenomena or man-made impact will be reflected on the coast of neighboring countries. In whole, human intervention (withdrawal of beach sediments, river channel regulations, dam and reservoirs constructions and port structures assembling in coastal zone) in natural processes not only improved country economic state, but together with current natural events, due to sea level rise, causing storm phenomena activation and land inundation, shore subsiding, provoked the increase of coast erosion tendency, activation of beach disappearance and threatened to located there infrastructure with destruction and huge material losses. The recovery of latter requires several billion U.S. dollars worth of materials and works. In the presented article is discussed the problem of Georgia Black Sea coast erosion and necessary measures for its protection on the basis of conceptual approaches, which also imply the using of new technologies and methods of beach protection. In case of given proposal implementation in practice, the results of planned research can be widely applied both for sandy as well as pebbly-gravel beaches of any sea.
Keywords
Beach, Breakwater, Shoreline, Protection, Environment
To cite this article
Nodar Tsivtsivadze, Lia Matchavariani, Lamzira Lagidze, Nargiz Motsonelidze, George Ivanov, Nino Paichadze, Modern Conceptual and Technological Approaches to the Georgia Black Sea Coastline Protection, Earth Sciences. Special Issue: Modern Problems of Geography and Anthropology. Vol. 4, No. 5-1, 2015, pp. 46-53. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2015040501.19
Reference
[1]
N. Tsivtsivadze “Methods of Beach Protection in Use Along the Black Sea Coastline”, J. Shoreline Management 2, Elsevier Applied Science Publishers Ltd, England, 1986, pp. 55-64.
[2]
S. Khorava, A. Kikava “Protection of Adjara Coast Zone by Artificial Beach”. Proceedings of International Conference “Applied Ecology: Problems, Inovations”. Ltd “Kalmosani” Publ. Georgia, 2015, pp. 192-197.
[3]
A. Kiknadze, G. Russo, S. Khorava. “Engineering Problems of Georgia: Condition and Perspectives, Georgian Engineering Academy. Georgia, 1998, pp. 137-147.
[4]
G. Russo, S. Khorava.” Creation of artificial beaches, islands and other constructions in the coastal zone of seas, lakes and reservoirs “. Proceedings of International Conference, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Office. Institute of water and environmental problems. 2009, RF, pp. 246-251.
[5]
N. Tsivtsivadze, G. Metreveli, L. Lagidze, N. Motsonelidze, L. Zazadze. “New Approaches of Georgian Black Sea Coast Protection”. Workbook of I International Conference “Kolkhety Lowland Water Ecosystems Protection and Efficient Use”. Ltd “Kalmosani” Publ. Georgia, 2013, pp. 34-40.
[6]
I. Kantarji, Y. Shulgin. “The compulsory transformation- new method of beach protection”. Transport Construction- (Transportnoe Stroitelstvo), Moscow, 9, 1981, pp. 7-46
[7]
N. Yaroslavtsev. “The investigation of pebbly beach dynamics”. J. Water Resources (Vodnie Resursi), Moscow, 5, 1981, pp. 77-81.
[8]
H. Kunz, “Spatial costal protection as too for sustainable development of coastal zones” Dynamics of Coastal Zone of Non-tidal Seas . Kaliningrad, Terra Baltica, 2008, 87. http://www.coruna.coastdyn.ru iczm08/day1/kunz.pdf
[9]
C. Macaskili, “Reflection of water waves by prmeable barrier, J. Fluid Mech., 95, 1979, 1.
[10]
A. Kiknadze “About sea beach protection in Georgia, In: Sea’ Coastal Zone (Beregovaia Zona Moria), Nauka, Moscow, 1981, pp. 83-90 (in Russian).
Browse journals by subject