Volume 4, Issue 5-1, September 2015, Page: 41-45
Samtskhe-Javakheti Agriculture Sectors Development and its Ecological Problems
Revaz Tolordava, Department of Geography, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Healthcare, Sokhumi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Malkhaz Gvinjilia, Department of Geography, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Healthcare, Sokhumi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Koba Korsantia, Department of Geography, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Healthcare, Sokhumi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Tengiz Gordeziani, Department of Geography, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Zurab Laoshvili, Department of Geography, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Received: May 31, 2015;       Accepted: Jun. 1, 2015;       Published: Jul. 7, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2015040501.18      View  2568      Downloads  54
Abstract
The paper presents the modern condition analyses and development prospects of the main agriculture sectors of a mountainous region in the southern part of Georgia – Samtskhe-Javakheti. On the basis of literary sources and internet material examination, certain sectors’ value in provisioning of republic has been assessed. The importance of agricultural sector vectoring in the side agriculture has been outlined. Results of the research are interpreted in charts and graphic models. Field research process has revealed a growing number of ecological problems related to biological and household waste and also caused by "chemicalization". The research has shown that the issues about protection from soil erosion and the water supply acute in the region. It greatly hinders the development of agriculture and it's a great challenge for the region’s population, who are mostly employed in the agricultural sector. During the research, different types of humus and soil nutrient elements supplies, soil structure and physical properties were investigated. Ecological problems solution and agricultural production’s sustainable development activation, which will ensure ecological condition improvement in agricultural sectors, healthy products production and that will create a firm foundation for withdrawing the agricultural production import, are considered to be the main challenges of the region.
Keywords
Samtskhe-Javakheti, Agriculture, Ecological Problems
To cite this article
Revaz Tolordava, Malkhaz Gvinjilia, Koba Korsantia, Tengiz Gordeziani, Zurab Laoshvili, Samtskhe-Javakheti Agriculture Sectors Development and its Ecological Problems, Earth Sciences. Special Issue: Modern Problems of Geography and Anthropology. Vol. 4, No. 5-1, 2015, pp. 41-45. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2015040501.18
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