Volume 4, Issue 5-1, September 2015, Page: 8-12
Anthropological Researches by Academician Aleksandre Javakhishvili
Bitadze Liana, Head of the Laboratory of Anthropological researches, Institute of History and Ethnology, Tbilisi, Georgia
Received: May 30, 2015;       Accepted: Jun. 1, 2015;       Published: Jul. 2, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2015040501.12      View  2599      Downloads  55
Abstract
Aleksandre Javakhishvili, a Georgian scientist of the beginning of the XX has established quite high standards in research methodology of Anthropology. He was the first who studied Kartvelian (Georgian) ethnographic (Kartlian, Kakhetian, Gurian, Mingrelian, Imeretian, Rachian, Mtiuletian) groups by use of different fields of sciences (History, Geography, Linguistics, Ethnology). He formulated a programme for researches in the Caucasian Anthropology; raised an issue of the necessity to found a scientific-public organization that would systematically study the anthropology of the Caucasus and its neighboring regions; he was the first who marked the autochthony of the Caucasian race; distinguished the western, eastern and metamorphic anthropologic types among Georgians; studied the dolichocephalism among Georgians; carried out researches about the local peculiarities of the settlements in the Georgian Caucasus and geographical distribution of the population.
Keywords
Ethnic Anthropology, the Caucasian Race, the Kartvelian Group, a Vertical Settlement of Population
To cite this article
Bitadze Liana, Anthropological Researches by Academician Aleksandre Javakhishvili, Earth Sciences. Special Issue: Modern Problems of Geography and Anthropology. Vol. 4, No. 5-1, 2015, pp. 8-12. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2015040501.12
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