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Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2015, Page: 180-187
Associated Microorganisms in Marine Cnidarians, Their Ecological Function in Symbiotic Relationship
Zhi-Gang Qiu, Shenzhen Zhongxing Environmental Instruments Limited Company, Shenzhen, China
Yihua Lyu, South China Sea Environment Monitoring Center, State Oceanic Administration, Guangzhou, China
Jin Zhou, The Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen, China
Received: Nov. 20, 2015;       Published: Nov. 20, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.earth.20150405.13      View  4154      Downloads  120
Abstract
Cnidarians (e.g. coral reefs) are among some of the most diverse and highly productive coastal ecosystems in tropical and subtropical regions. Microbes play pivotal roles in maintaining this productivity and are directly responsible for the well-being of a coral-based ecosystem. Microbes have important ecological functions in this ecosystem. With the acceleration of globalization and the deepening of molecular researches, the role and functions of microbes in the corals are increasingly highlighted. In this paper, the recent achievements were analyzed to summarize the research status of coral-associated microbial ecology, including the formation of coral-microbe symbionts, characteristics of symbiotic microbes (specificity, plasticity and co-evolution), as well as the microbial signaling strategies. The aims are help to define the crucial ecological interactions between coral reefs and microbes, and provide a better understanding of microbial ecosystem function and coral remediation.
Keywords
Cnidarians, Microbes, Ecological Role, Global Change, Review
To cite this article
Zhi-Gang Qiu, Yihua Lyu, Jin Zhou, Associated Microorganisms in Marine Cnidarians, Their Ecological Function in Symbiotic Relationship, Earth Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2015, pp. 180-187. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20150405.13
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