Volume 3, Issue 1, February 2014, Page: 26-30
Porosity Measurements for Some Basalt Rocks from the Gharyan Volcanic Province NW Libya
Samir Ahmed Hamouda, Department of Physics, University of Benghazi, P.O.Box 9480, Benghazi, Libya
Mohamed B. Abdelmalik, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Benghazi, P.O.Box 9480, Benghazi, Libya
Essam Abdel-Qader al-Talhi, Department of Physics, University of Benghazi, P.O.Box 9480, Benghazi, Libya
Received: Nov. 12, 2013;       Published: Feb. 28, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.earth.20140301.14      View  2573      Downloads  171
Abstract
In this paper, Porosity and density measurements at atmospheric temperature and pressure were conducted on three basalt rock samples from Gharyan Volcanic Province (GVP) NW Libya. The properties examined for the basalts are: bulk and grain density and porosity. The properties found in the basalts are: the mean bulk density 2.823 grams/cm3 and the mean grain density 2.960 grams/cm3 and porosity range 1.311-7.809 %. To consider the possibility of using basalt rocks as a biological shielding against gamma-ray radiation, mass attenuation coefficients for basalt samples were calculated. Results indicate that the basalt rocks are more efficient against gamma-ray radiation than traditional lead materials. Some applications of basalt rocks in industries were suggested.
Keywords
Basalt, Grain Density, Porosity, Acid-Resistant Equipment, Mass Attenuation Coefficients, Radiation Shielding Material, Nuclear Power Plants, Storage of Radioactive Waste
To cite this article
Samir Ahmed Hamouda, Mohamed B. Abdelmalik, Essam Abdel-Qader al-Talhi, Porosity Measurements for Some Basalt Rocks from the Gharyan Volcanic Province NW Libya, Earth Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2014, pp. 26-30. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20140301.14
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