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Research Article |

Treatment of Permanganate Oxidation and Bioremediation on Petroleum Hydrocarbons Contaminated Soil and the Effect on Soil Function

The impact of potassium permanganate oxidation-bioremediation on soil function can be divided into three stages: the oxidation stage, the transition stage, and the bioremediation stage. In order to obtain a deeper revelation of the effect on soil function, the nitrogen, phosphorus, organic matter (OM), dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) during these three phases of remediation have been investigated. Potassium permanganate (PP) was consumed after 24 hours’ reaction. During this phase, a larger removal rate of TPH was achieved at a PP molar concentration of 0.05 and 0.1 mol/L and under weak acidic or basic conditions. 18%-61% of TPH was removed in 24 hours. PP has a strong impact on soil functionality. Addition of oxidation agent largely decreased DOC amount in soil. However, DOC and the proportion of active OM in soil increased as the connection time (phase two) was prolonged. DOC amount was 172% increased after 60d. After the three phases’ combined remediation, more than 70% of the TPH in soil was reduced while the maximum removal rate was 97.35%. The concentration of the C10-C12 segment has significantly diminished to the point of near disappearance, while the C19-C40 segments have experienced an approximate 40% reduction. The removal rate for high-carbon chain segments remains satisfactory. Addition of tween-80 effectively increased the solubilization and removal rate of TPH while introduced DOC into the reaction system. Moreover, the previous consumption of oxidizers is relatively slow, making it an ideal additive for high organic pollutant-low soil organic matter affinity. Results showed that adjustment of pH and oxidation agent amount, increase of connection time between oxidation and bioremediation, introduction of appropriate additive were capable of reducing the negative impact on soil by remediation.

Permanganate Oxidation, Bioremediation, Petroleum Hydrocarbons, Soil Function, Soil Remediation

APA Style

Huang, S., Zhao, X. (2023). Treatment of Permanganate Oxidation and Bioremediation on Petroleum Hydrocarbons Contaminated Soil and the Effect on Soil Function. Earth Sciences, 12(6), 198-205.

ACS Style

Huang, S.; Zhao, X. Treatment of Permanganate Oxidation and Bioremediation on Petroleum Hydrocarbons Contaminated Soil and the Effect on Soil Function. Earth Sci. 2023, 12(6), 198-205. doi: 10.11648/

AMA Style

Huang S, Zhao X. Treatment of Permanganate Oxidation and Bioremediation on Petroleum Hydrocarbons Contaminated Soil and the Effect on Soil Function. Earth Sci. 2023;12(6):198-205. doi: 10.11648/

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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